Effect of Curing Time on Fresh and Physical Properties of Alkaline Activated Fiber Concrete With Quarry Waste, A Natural Pozzolan





Studies on the production of concrete by alkaline activation method continue to increase in today's concrete industry due to the fact that it is more environmentally friendly and sustainable. In this regard, by developing a new building material by activating various natural and/or artificial pozzolanic wastes with the help of an activator as a binder instead of cement, environmental health is protected by preventing the problems of storage and disposal of wastes, and CO2 emission is also prevented as alternative materials to cement are used as binders. In this study, alkali activated concrete (AAC) and fibrous alkali activated concrete (FAAC) were produced using rock dust (RD), which is a waste material of a quarry in operation for various construction productions, and ground blast furnace slag (GBFS), which is also an industrial waste, activated with NaOH and Na2SiO3 and steel and polyester fibers at various ratios by volume (0%, 0.25%, 0.50%, 0.75% and 1.0%). The effects of curing time and fiber ratios were investigated by performing consistency and unit volume weight tests as fresh state properties, compressive strength and physical properties tests at the end of 3,7 and 28 days curing period as hardened concrete properties.


Meyer C., “The greening of the concrete industry”, Cement and Concrete Composites, 31 (8), 601-605, (2009).

Provis, J. L. and Van Deventer, J. S. J. “Alkali aktivated materials”, Rilem Tc 224, (2014).

Madlool, N. A., Saidur, R., Hossain, M. S. and Rahim, N. A. "A critical review on energy use and savings in the cement industries”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15 (4), 2042–2060, (2011).

Luga, E., "Properties of Fly Ash and High Furnace Cinder Geopolymer Mortars", PhD Thesis, Erciyes University Institute of Science and Technology, Kayseri, (2015).

Aydın, S. , 2010. Development of Alkali-Activated High Furnace Slag Bindered Fibrous Composite, Dokuz Eylül University Institute of Science and Technology, PhD Thesis, İzmir, 317 pp.

Kulekci, G., Yılmaz, A.O., Çullu, M., Experimental Investigation of The Usability of Construction Waste As Aggregate, Journal of Mining and Environment 12 (1), 63-76, 2021.

Kulekci, G., Çullu, M., The Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene Fiber-Reinforced Composites Produced With the Use of Alternative Wastes, Journal of Polytechnic 24 (3), 1171-1180, 2021.

Kulekci, G., The Effect of Pozzolans and Mineral Wastes on Alkali-Silica Reaction in Recycled Aggregated Mortar, Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, 65 (3), 741-750, 2021.

Glukhovsky, V.D., Rostovskaja, G.S., Rumyna, G.V. 1980. High Strength Slag-Alkaline Cements. 7th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement, Paris, 164-168.

Kulekci, G., Comparison of Field and Laboratory result of fiber reinforced shotcrete application, Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, 65 (2), 463-473, 2021.

Kulekci, G., Investigation of fly ash added light concretes with respect to gamma radiation transmission properties of 133Ba and 137Cs, Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids 176 (10), 833-844, 2021.

Topçu, _.B. and Canbaz, M., 2005, Degerlendirilmesi of blast furnace slag in concrete production, Akdeniz Construction News, 3, 38-41.

Kulekci, G., Yılmaz, A.O., Investigation of Trabzon Volcanilities Usable as External Covering, MSU Journal of Science 5 (2), 459-464, 2017.

Kulekci, G., Investigation of gamma ray absorption levels of composites produced from copper mine tailings, fly ash and brick dust, Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Manegement 24 (5), 1934-1947, 2022.

Kulekci, G., Çullu, M., The Effect of Polypropylene Fibers, Used in Different Proportions on Paste Filling, 3rd International Conference on Advanced Engineering Technologies, 313-320, 2019.

Kulekci, G., Çullu, M., Yılmaz, A.O., Mechanical Properties of Shotcrete Produced with Recycled Aggregates from Construction Wastes, Journal of Mining Science 59 (3), 380-392, 2023.

ACI Committee 544, “Guide to Design with Fiber-Reinforced Concrete”, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, (2018).

TS 10514, Rules for mix proportions and manufacturing of fiber reinforced concrete, TSE, Ankara, 2015.

A.S. Sayyad, S.V. Patankar, Effect of steel fibres and low calcium fly ash on mechanical and elastic properties of geopolymer concrete composites, Indian J.Eng. Mater. Sci. (2013), https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/357563, Article ID:357563.

Jian Hea, Yuxin Jie, Jianhong Composites. Cement and Concrete Composites 37 (2013) 108-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.

TS EN 12350 - 2 "Concrete - Fresh concrete tests - Part 2: Slump test", (2019).

TS EN 12350 - 6 "Concrete - Fresh concrete tests - Part 6: Unit volume mass", (2019).

TS EN 12390-3 "Concrete - Hardened concrete tests - Part 3: Determination of compressive strength of test specimens", (2019).

TS EN 12390 - 7 "Concrete - Hardened concrete tests - Part 7: Determination of unit volume mass of hardened concrete", (2019).

N. Ranjbar, M. Zhang, Fiber-reinforced geopolymer composites: A review, Cem. Concr. Compos. 107 (2020), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2019.103498.

Simsek, O. "Concrete and Concrete Technology". 6th Edition, Seçkin Publishing House, Ankara, (2020).

Simsek O., Toklu K. and Ünal M.T, "Investigation of the effect of geometric shape and ratio of steel fibers on concrete properties", Polytechnic Journal, (24), 409-415, (2021).

Tokyay, M., Ramyar, K. and Turanlı, L., "Behavior of polypropylene and steel fiber high strength concrete under compressive and tensile loads, TMMOB Chamber of Civil Engineers 2nd National Concrete Congress Proceedings, 303 - 311, (1991).




How to Cite

AKSÜT, Y. S. (2023). Effect of Curing Time on Fresh and Physical Properties of Alkaline Activated Fiber Concrete With Quarry Waste, A Natural Pozzolan. ISERDAR, 1(1), 06–11. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10436473